CTSCo Project

Glencore has been a long-term supporter of carbon capture use and storage (CCUS) technology to reduce emissions and service a low emission economy.

The International Energy Agency views CCUS as a 'key technology' in the global transition to a low-carbon economy.

The project

Glencore’s wholly-owned Carbon Transport and Storage Company (CTSCo) Project aims to demonstrate CCUS on an industrial scale and is focused on:

  • capturing CO2 from a coal-fired power station in Queensland
  • permanently storing the CO2 deep underground.

The CTSCo Project has the potential to:

  • store significant volumes of CO2 to reduce existing and future sources of industrial emissions
  • improve energy security for the National Electricity Market
  • maintain and grow jobs in regional Queensland
  • enable future industries including hydrogen production
  • contribute to Australian and Queensland Government climate and emission reduction goals.

Visit our CTSCo Project website to learn more.

Approval process

In 2019, CTSCo secured the EPQ10 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) tenement located in the southern Surat Basin. The project currently has approval to undertake exploration work over the permit areas. The exploration activity includes:

  • wells to determine geology and water quality
  • water tests to determine water rates and quality
  • seismic surveys determine geologic structures and features.

The project will be seeking approval for a small-scale CO2 injection from a well deep into rock formations more than two kilometres below the surface, where it will be permanently and safely stored.

Project status - CO2 capture

CTSCo is partnering with the China Huaneng Group (CHG), shareholder in the Millmerran Power Station in Queensland, to develop CO2 capture technology for existing power stations.

We have completed feasibility and front end engineering design studies into delivering an integrated post-combustion capture (PCC) plant at Millmerran.

The plant would capture 110,000 tonnes of CO2 per year and transport this 100 kilometres to our tenement for permanent underground storage.

Project status - CO2 storage

The CTSCo Project’s storage component is a potential pathway to an industrial scale storage hub in Queensland, capable of servicing multiple industrial users including coal, natural gas and hydrogen.

In December 2019, the Queensland Government granted CTSCo a greenhouse gas (GHG) exploration permit – at EPQ10 – in the southern part of the Surat Basin.

This permit enables CTSCo to thoroughly assess the viability of safely and sustainably storing CO2 deep underground.

We have since conducted research and development activities within the tenement, including successful drilling. These activities aim to confirm the location for the demonstration storage project and provide foundation data and infrastructure for future industrial scale carbon capture at the site.

Final investment decision

With funding support from Low Emission Technologies Australia (LETA) (formerly COAL21), Australian National Low Emissions Coal (ANLEC) R&D Limited and the Federal Government, Glencore expects to make a final investment decision on the CTSCo Project in 2021.


The key objective of the CTSCo Project is to demonstrate carbon capture from a power station and the sustainable permanent storage of the captured CO2 in the Surat Basin in Queensland.

The project is intended as a first step toward large-scale CCUS, with the potential for emissions from multiple generators and other industrial sources being captured and safely stored. This larger scale project would be subject to a separate environmental application and approval under the relevant legislation.

Project partners

We gratefully acknowledge the ongoing technical and funding support from a range of organisations that make a vital contribution to this project.

Project collaborators

We are also grateful for the specialist researchers who support us, including scientists and leading technical experts who have been engaged to undertake specific scientific studies and programs in the areas of geology, geophysics, storage and water.

Leading institutions involved include University of Newcastle, University of Queensland, University of Melbourne, Australian National UniversityUniversity of Texas, Simon Fraser University (Calgary), CSIRO and Institute of Mine Seismology Pty Ltd.

Project location

The CTSCo Project is located in the southern part of the Surat Basin in Queensland, more than 400 kilometres west of Brisbane, making it close to a number of industrial emission sources.

The Federal Government’s National Carbon Storage Taskforce report and the Queensland Government Greenhouse Gas Storage Atlas identified the Surat Basin as a key geostorage area. The Atlas concluded that there are almost 3 billion tonnes of theoretical CO2 storage potential available in the Basin. The Precipice Sandstone (aquifer) accounts for 1.3 billion tonnes of this theoretical storage potential.

Community and stakeholder engagement

The CTSCo Project is subject to a range of assessments and approvals under Local, State and Federal Government regulations. We are committed to working closely with local communities to consider the potential economic, environmental, social and cultural impacts of the project.

CTSCo’s current community and stakeholder engagement is informed by key learnings from numerous CCUS projects within Australia and overseas. We have also considered the insights and feedback from CTSCo’s recently completed Northern Surat Basin Study within the tenement of EPQ7 near Wandoan. We have applied these learnings to our local community and stakeholder engagement program in the Southern Surat Basin within EPQ10.

Our community engagement program is based on the AA1000 Stakeholder Engagement and the International Association for Public Participation (IAP2) principles of stakeholder engagement.

Applying the learnings from the Northern Surat Basin Study

Since 2018, CTSCo has undertaken extensive data collection and comprehensive scientific studies to assess the viability of a CO2 test injection project at the Glencore property outside of Wandoan (i.e. the Northern Surat Basin Study in EPQ7). This also included extensive consultation with the key stakeholders, the local community, and the local member. We listened to the issues raised and provided factual based information to address these issues.

The scientific data and field work gathered from the Northern Surat Basin Study, along with our learnings from the community have been applied to field work in the Southern Surat Basin (EPQ10). This information has helped inform our infield activities and program and will be an important component of our application for environmental approvals for test injection at the current location.

Glencore is currently assessing the suitability of its Surat Basin tenement for long-term CO2 storage.
Testing underway at CTSCo’s appraisal well in the Surat Basin.

CCUS involves a group of technologies that can capture the CO2 emissions produced from the use of fossil fuels in electricity generation and industrial processes, minimising the amount of CO2 emissions entering the atmosphere.

CCUS uses proven technology and is already happening around the world. According to the Global CCS Institute, as of June 2020, there were 24 major CCUS projects either operating or being built and 35 in various stages of development. Find out more about CCUS projects around the world.

CCUS involves three major steps; capturing CO2 at the source, compressing it for transportation and then injecting it deep into a rock formation at a carefully selected and safe site, where it is permanently stored.

  • Capture: The separation of CO2 from other gases produced at large industrial process facilities such as coal and natural-gas-fired power plants, steel mills, cement plants and refineries.
  • Transport: Once separated, the CO2 is compressed and transported via pipelines, trucks, ships or other methods to a suitable site for geological storage.
  • Storage: CO2 is injected into deep underground rock formations, usually at depths of one kilometre or more.

Because CCUS can achieve significant CO2 emission reductions, it is considered a key option within the portfolio of approaches required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. *

*Source: Global CCS Institute

Download our fact sheets and publications to learn more about the CTSCo Project.

To make an enquiry via email, please complete and submit the form below.

Fields marked with an * are mandatory.